Lesson 1: Using Quartz
Before you can use the scheduler, it needs to be instantiated (who’d have guessed?). To do this, you use a SchedulerFactory. Some users of Quartz may keep an instance of a factory in a JNDI store, others may find it just as easy (or easier) to instantiate and use a factory instance directly (such as in the example below).
Once a scheduler is instantiated, it can be started, placed in stand-by mode, and shutdown. Note that once a scheduler is shutdown, it cannot be restarted without being re-instantiated. Triggers do not fire (jobs do not execute) until the scheduler has been started, nor while it is in the paused state.
Here’s a quick snippet of code, that instantiates and starts a scheduler, and schedules a job for execution:
SchedulerFactory schedFact = new org.quartz.impl.StdSchedulerFactory(); Scheduler sched = schedFact.getScheduler(); sched.start(); // define the job and tie it to our HelloJob class JobDetail job = newJob(HelloJob.class) .withIdentity("myJob", "group1") .build(); // Trigger the job to run now, and then every 40 seconds Trigger trigger = newTrigger() .withIdentity("myTrigger", "group1") .startNow() .withSchedule(simpleSchedule() .withIntervalInSeconds(40) .repeatForever()) .build(); // Tell quartz to schedule the job using our trigger sched.scheduleJob(job, trigger);
As you can see, working with quartz is rather simple. In Lesson 2 we’ll give a quick overview of Jobs and Triggers, and Quartz’s API so that you can more fully understand this example.